Henry Clay

henry_clay.jpg
Biography
Born: April 12, 1777 in Hanover County Virginia
Died: June 29, 1852 in Washington D.C
Political Affiliation: Democratic Republican
Political Positions:
- Served as a Senator from 1806-1807 (although he was below the constitutional age limit), 1810-1811, 1831-1842, and 1849-1852
-United States Secretary of state from 1825-1829
-Speaker of the House from 1811-1814, 1815-1820, 1823-1825
-Member of the House of Representatives from 1811-1813, 1813-1814, 1815-1821, and from 1823-1825



Key facts:
-Clay was a War Hawk during the time around the War of 1812
-Advocate for the national bank
-Key factor in negotiations leading up to the Missouri Compromise
-His tariff act gradually reduced the tariff rate easing tension between the government and the southern states
-Clay was known as a great negotiator
-Tried multiple times but always failed to be elected president
-opposed the annexation of Texas

The American System:
The American System is a system intended to strengthen the nation, introduced by the Whig Party, including Clay. This economic plan supported a high tariff to protect American Industry and generate revenue. It also maintained higher public land prices to generate revenue. Mainly it supported internal improvements, such as improvements to roads and canals, which were intended to bring the country together. These improvements were funded by the increased revenue from the tariff and land prices. Though people of the west and south were opposed to the higher tariff, the system was overall successful. The internal improvements from the American System introduced the idea of pride in one's country.